As you probably know, type two diabetes is the kind you get, while type one is the kind you’re born with. But how you get it is a little more complicated. The mechanism is simple: As the Mayo Clinic puts it, type two diabetes “develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin.” But why or how this happens isn’t totally clear.
We do know that genetics and lifestyle factors—such as being overweight—seem to play a role. And once a person develops diabetes there’s no cure (though the disease can be managed with a healthy diet and plenty of exercise).
But three new studies being presented to the American Society of Nutrition suggest there are some simple ways that those who are prediabetic can reduce their risk, by simply switching up what—and, more curiously, how—they eat. Here are three ways to reduce your risk of developing diabetes, and the studies that support them.