It discovered that seniors with osteoporosis who followed a Mediterranean-like diet for 12 months had a much slower rate of hip bone loss than peers who did not follow the diet.
Osteoporosis increases the risk of fracture by reducing bone mass and degenerating the structure of bone tissue.
Hip fracture is common in older people with osteoporosis.
Reduced rate of bone loss
The year-long study randomly assigned over 1,000 volunteers, aged 65–79, living in France, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and the United Kingdom to one of two groups.
One group adopted a “Mediterranean-like diet” for the duration, and the other — the control group — did not.
The trial is the first to examine the effect of a Mediterranean diet on bone health in seniors across several European centers over this length of time.